The Apology is Plato’s written description of a speech given by the philosopher Socrates. In 399 B.C, Socrates is being put on trial and tries to defend himself from the accusations being brought up against him from Anytus, Meletus, and Lycon. He defends himself amongst the jury. “How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was - such was the effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth,( Socrates).”
Socrates was accused of blasphemy and attempting to corrupt the minds of the youth. He first acknowledges his unknown accusers. “But far more dangerous are these, who began when you were children, and took possession of your minds with their falsehoods, telling of one Socrates, a wise man, who speculated about the heaven above, and searched into the earth beneath, and made the worse appear the better cause, (Socrates)”. He explains that the accusers’ envy and malice caused them to bring up the charges. Socrates then responds to charges from Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon. They claim that Socrates corrupts the minds of the youth and is blasphemous, yet there is nothing to support their charges. “…They say; this villainous misleader of youth! - and then if somebody asks them, Why, what evil does he practice or teach? they do not know, and cannot tell; but in order that they may not appear to be at a loss, they repeat the ready-made charges which are used against all philosophers about teaching things up in the clouds and under the earth, and having no gods, and making the worse appear the better cause; for they do not like to confess that their pretence of knowledge has been detected - which is the truth: and as they are numerous and ambitious and energetic, and are all in battle array and have persuasive tongues, they have filled your ears with their loud and inveterate calumnies, (Socrates).”
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