The Apology is not an apology at all, it is more of a defense or an explanation of reason, the way a father would explain a life lesson to his son. Socrates was called to court in front of hundreds of his fellow Athenians, where he proved all of the alleged offenses towards him not only contradictions but completely erroneous, as well. He back-handedly apologizes for proving right the oracle Delphi’s statement; he is the wisest man in Athens. Socrates, alone, made all the men of pristine standing look like jesters. The Apology is a true testament of the importance of critical thinking and the necessity of the love of knowledge in the betterment of society.
There were many reasons Socrates was called to court. However, the biggest reason would have to be his constant questioning of Athenian citizens. This all originated from Chaerephon informing Socrates the oracle Delphi claimed there was no man wiser than Socrates. Of course, Socrates’ reply to this title of wisest man in Athens was “Whatever does the god mean? What is his riddle? I am very conscious that I am not wise at all; what then does he mean by saying that I am the wisest? For surely he does not lie it is not legitimate for him to do so (Cahn 31).” Socrates went to three different classes of men, the politician, the poet, and the craftsman, to solve the riddle of why these wise men would not be wiser than he.
Socrates questioned these three classes of men and realized that they were not wise at all. Inappropriately, Socrates questioned them publicly and made them look like fools in front of the citizens of Athens. Most men fear what they do not know and Socrates embraced the unknown and for this Socrates was ostracized.
The charges brought upon Socrates were atheism and corruption of the youth. Socrates first negates these charges when he addressed the jury with saying they have been “maliciously and slanderously persuaded (Cahn 29)” by Aristophanes’, The Clouds, to not take Socrates...