There are many conditions that inspired Arthur Miller to write THE CRUCIBLE. A crucible is a severe test or situation where concentrated forces interact to cause or influence change. Arthur Miller used three basic ingredients for turmoil that have fueled many modern conflicts. THE CRUCIBLE underscores the magnitude of ideological insecurity, economic self-interests, and personal indiscretion in influencing social upheaval. Those three things play a crucial role in the plot and themes in the play.
One major characteristic used in the play describes the magnitude of ideological insecurity which means the fear of the Devil. The Devil provokes an abundance of fear in THE CRUCIBLE. THE CRUCIBLE is set in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692 where the villagers were Puritans. Puritans believe that they are the chosen ones that the Devil seeks to destroy and infiltrate by their sins. The many sins occurring led to the accusations of many women being accused of dealing with witchcraft. The Puritans would believe the witches were consorting with the Devil and casting spells. Abigail Williams was worried about the possibility of being disgraced for having cast charms with her friends in the forest, so to absolve herself of sin she begins to accuse others of being witches. Seeing Abigail’s success, the other girls follow suit, and with this pattern of self-serving accusations, the witch trials get underway. Also, Danforth's integrity was undermined once he was faced with fear. He sentenced people to hang for crimes that he knew they did not commit, just to save his 'good reputation' as a judge. Finding people not guilty of helping the Devil would've suggested he was working with the Devil.
Another condition depicted in the play was about the people's own economic
interests. Many people were jealous of each other and wanted what others had. A person being accused as a witch has to forfeit their property to their accuser....