What were the causes of the Spanish Armada and how did the English defeat it?
So how come Spain, the richest country in the world, was defeated by the English? So how come Spain lost in such an important battle that was a turning point in European history. In this essay I will talk about what were the causes of the Spanish Armada and how did the English defeat it.
It was the morning of 20 April 1587 when Philip II, king of Spain, received some shattering news. He just found out that the most famous English ‘sea-dog’, Sir Francis Drake, had just sailed into Cadiz harbour in Spain and set fire to 30 Spanish warships. But that was only one of the reasons why King Philip II wanted to invade England. The other reasons Philip wanted to invade England are:
* Philip a very devoute Catholic had recently heard news that Mary Queen of Scots, also a devoute Catholic, had been executed by Elizabeth I.
* For many years English sailors had been stealing valuables, gold and silver from the Spanish ships.
* Philip was fighting to keep the Spanish Netherlands under his control. However the Dutch rebels were being helped by England.
King Philips plan was very clever and ambitious. His fleet of 170 ships would sail up the English Channel to Calais and pick up Spanish soldiers waiting there for them. The force of 30 000 soldiers and sailors would cross the Channel. Then they would capture London and replace Queen Elizabeth with his Daugther Princess Isabella.