Assignment No. 1
Theoretical approaches in the use of counselling skills
1.1 Key characteristics and concepts of:
The humanistic theory was developed by a group of American psychologists (Maslow, Rogers, May) in the 1940’s and 1950’s. Carl Rogers developed the person-centred approach based on the ideology that all people have a desire to grow and reach their full potential and fulfilment which Rogers termed as self-actualization. Humanistic counselling helps to enable the client to grow by providing them with six core conditions which provide a climate conductive to growth and therapeutic change. The six
core conditions are:
* Therapist-client psychological contact
* Client vulnerability
* Client perception
* Unconditional positive regard
* Empathic understanding
* Therapeutic Congruence or Genuineness
With Unconditional positive regard, the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally
and is non-judgemental. The client is then free to explore all their feelings and emotions
without the fear of being judged or rejected.
Empathic understanding refers to the counsellors accurately understanding the
thoughts, feelings and meanings the clients has and be able to perceive their world as
they perceive it.
Congruence is the therapist being genuine and authentic towards the client . The
therapist is open and transparent to the client.
If these core conditions are followed, the client will enabled to develop and grow in their
own unique way to become the person they really are.
by creating the correct environment and by showing and demonstrating the six core
conditions allows the client to explore and express their thoughts and feelings without
any fear of being judged or rejected and being allowed to explore and understand their
problems and find their...