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Theoretical Approaches in the Use of Counselling Skills Essay

  • Submitted by: chattybird
  • on January 8, 2013
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 286 words

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Below is an essay on "Theoretical Approaches in the Use of Counselling Skills" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Maria Pavlovski
Assignment No. 1

Theoretical approaches in the use of counselling skills

      1.1 Key characteristics and concepts of:

Humanistic theory,

The humanistic theory was developed by a group of American psychologists (Maslow, Rogers, May) in the 1940’s and 1950’s.   Carl Rogers developed the person-centred approach based on the ideology that all people have a desire to grow and reach their full potential and fulfilment which Rogers termed as self-actualization.   Humanistic   counselling helps to enable the client to grow by providing them with six core conditions which provide a climate conductive to growth and therapeutic change. The six
core conditions are:
  * Therapist-client psychological contact
  * Client vulnerability
  * Client perception
  * Unconditional positive regard
  * Empathic understanding
  * Therapeutic Congruence or Genuineness
      With Unconditional positive regard, the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally      
      and is non-judgemental. The client is then free to explore all their feelings and emotions
      without the fear of being judged or rejected.
      Empathic understanding refers to the counsellors accurately understanding the  
      thoughts, feelings and meanings the clients has and be able to perceive their world as
      they perceive it.
      Congruence is the therapist being genuine and authentic towards the client . The
      therapist is open and transparent to the client.
      If these core conditions are followed, the client will enabled to develop and grow in their
      own unique way to become the person they really are.
      by creating the correct environment and by showing and demonstrating the six core
      conditions allows the client to explore and express their thoughts and feelings without              
      any fear of being judged or rejected and being allowed to explore and understand their
      problems and find their...

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