A 2500 word assignment outlining desirable conditions for learning and the relationship between theory and current educational practice.
In this essay many factors will be addressed in noting what makes a desirable condition for a productive learning environment, many influences impact the pedagogical approach to how conditions affect practice, whether intrinsic or extrinsic demands motivate the learner to influence achievement.
In defining a good practice for effective teaching and learning, there are a number of different approaches that can be adopted and are considered influentially strong enough to work holistically and to be effectively successful in achieving what is intended.
An analytical approach will be taken to note the importance of looking at different approaches to create a desirable learning environment. Many theorists have expressed an opinion on how a desirable condition can be achieved, the two main schools of thought base themselves on either the Humanistic or the Behaviourist theory.
Two major theorists associated with the humanistic view are Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. These theorists, whom base their views on this approach, emphasise on the self choosing their own behaviour to achieve, and this behaviour is connected to their inner feelings and personal image and is not pre-determined. These theorists believe that all individuals have an instinctive drive to achieve their maximum potential.
Abraham Maslow developed a model known as The Hierarchy of Needs (1) as a theory for understanding human motivation and personal development. The whole basis behind Maslow’s model is that we are all motivated by needs, there are different levels to these needs and at each level the need needs to be addressed and satisfied to achieve fulfilment. ‘All the evidence that we have indicates that it is reasonable to assume in practically every human being, and certainly in almost every newborn baby, that there is an active will toward health,...