Banking Sector Performance, Regulation and Bank Supervision
5.1 Banking sector in Bangladesh demonstrated a moderate level of resilience in FY11, attributable to improvement in key financial indicators of the banking industry. With a view to maintaining soundness, solvency, efficiency and stability in the financial system, Bangladesh Bank (BB) initiated a number of policy measures including greater emphasis on risk managements in the banks, periodic review of stability of the banks and the banking industry through stress testing, strengthening financial inclusion of under-served/un-served productive economic sectors and population segments, encouraging enhanced CSR activities and Green Banking initiatives. Moreover, preparation of revised risk management guidelines is at final stage. The following paragraphs highlight the recent regulatory and supervisory measures initiated by BB for banks, industry statistics and performance trends of the banking sector. Table 5.1 Banking System Structure
A. Banking Sector Performance 5.2 The banking sector of Bangladesh comprises four categories of scheduled banks. These are state-owned commercial banks (SCBs), state-owned development financial institutions (DFIs), private commercial banks (PCBs) and foreign commercial banks (FCBs). The number of banks declined from 48 in 2009 to 47 in 2010. These banks had a total number of 7729 branches as of December 2010. The number of bank branches increased from 7095 in 2009 to 7729 in 2010 due mainly to opening of new branches by the PCBs during the year. At the end of FY11, the total number of bank branches increased to 8522, with total number of banks remained unchanged at 47 (Appendix-3, Table-I). Structure of the banking sector with breakdown by type of banks is shown in Table 5.1:
2009 Bank types SCBs DFIs PCBs FCBs Total Number Number of Banks of Branches 4 5 30 9 48 3387 1365 2285 58 7095 Total Assets 1135.6 261.9 2275.7 292.6 3965.8 Percent of Industry...