The Treaty of Versailles began with a peace conference at the end of World War I. France, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States was present at the conference with great expectation of peace. These countries sought peace from the war and eternal peace. In his Fourteen Points, President Wilson’s peace proposal, ideas of optimism were strengthened by stressing national self-determination and the rights of small countries. In the long-term, The Treaty of Versailles proved to be a failed attempt by the Big Four for peace.
Wilson was able to convey a new sense of hope. The Fourteen Points demonstrated ideas for idealistic and democratic international cooperation. Therefore, President Wilson was convinced that they must create the League of Nations before doing anything else. He wanted individual nations to be protected from aggression and avert future wars. However, U.S. allies were more concerned with punishing Germany. For instance, Britain was determined to punish Germany and to obtain German colonies in Africa and islands in the Pacific.
France was concerned with the security of its country. France should not break from its allies because they could not afford to face Germany alone in the future. Clemenceau was concerned about his country’s long term security. He agreed to give up his demand for a Rhineland in exchange for a formal defense alliance with Great Britain and the United States. President Wilson and Lloyd George promised to come to France’s aid in the event of a German attack. France accomplished their goal of security as Wilson accomplished his of a permanent international organization.
The Treaty of Versailles attempted to re-establish international order. Under its settlements Germany’s colonies were given to France, Britain, and Japan as the League of Nations determined. Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France and Polish sections of Germany were given to the new Polish State. Additionally, Germany was forced to reduce...