We hear about unemployment almost every day. Why do governments of different countries get worried about unemployment? Is it a real problem and what are the repercussions of unemployment?
I can define unemployment as a situation in a country when people who are able and eager to work cannot find work. Unemployment is not only lack of money that comes into the family. Lacking of job also means lack of self-esteem and of course inability to pay bills and to purchase both necessities and luxuries. The problem of unemployment is especially crucial for those people who have debts, family obligations or medical costs. It goes without saying that loss of work always changes certain aspects of person’s life: his or her position in the society, lifestyle, internal emotional equilibrium, etc. Studies conducted in recent years have shown that growth of unemployment accompanies growth of crime and suicide rate and encourages deterioration of health among population. So I can say that unemployment is one of the most serious problems many countries face today and this problem needs an effective solution.
Governments usually provide some aid to those people who have lost their jobs. There are special programs distributing direct cash assistance among unemployed people; there are also programs providing specific goods, such as public housing or different coupons to purchase food. There are also welfare programs that aimed at creation or subsidizing of jobs for the unemployed. But I believe that is not enough to help people to survive in difficult situation, governments have to solve the problem itself but not to struggle with its consequences.