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Unification of China Essay

  • Submitted by: Andrecito77
  • on January 27, 2013
  • Category: History
  • Length: 2,021 words

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Below is an essay on "Unification of China" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

8-UNIFICATION OF CHINA
This chapter explores the unification and expansion of China during the Qin and Han dynasties (221 B.C.E. to 220 C.E.). A rich tradition of the social and political philosophies of Confucians, Daoists, and Legalists was the foundation on which these and later dynasties rested. Some of the significant elements contributing to the unification of China in this period were:
  * The building of a centralized bureaucracy staffed with professionals educated in Confucian thought and values
  * A prosperous economy based on technological and industrial development and long-distance trade
  * The standardization of the written language
NOTES:
      * In search of political and social order
        * Confucius (551-479 B.C.E.) and his school
        * Confucius
            * Educator and political advisor
            * Sayings were compiled in the Analects by his disciples
        * Confucian ideas
            * Fundamentally moral and ethical in character
            * Thoroughly practical: how to restore political and social order
            * Concentrated on formation of junzi--"superior individuals"
            * Edited and compiled the Zhou classics for his disciples to study
        * Key Confucian values
            * Ren--a sense of humanity, kindness, benevolence
            * Li--a sense of propriety, courtesy, respect, deference to elders
            * Xiao--filial piety, familial obligation
            * Cultivate personal morality and junzi for bringing order to China
        * Mencius (372-289 B.C.E.), spokesman for the Confucian school
            * Believed in the goodness of human nature (ren)
            * Advocated government by benevolence and humanity
        * Xunzi (298-238 B.C.E.) had a less positive view of human nature
            * Believed that humans selfishly pursue own interests
            * Preferred harsh social discipline to bring order to society
            * Advocated moral education and good public...

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Unification of China. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 15, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Unification-Of-China-394429.html


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