The Unrest In Syria
In Syria, a country in the Middle East, President Bashar Al Assad’s regime is taking the lives of thousands. This regime has been in action since the year 2000, however the civilians have only begun protesting since the 26th of January 2012. The root of the problem is based on many things, among them ethnicity, lack of freedoms and rights, torture, corruption and the “lack of democratic accountability” (Brown 11) This is a problem because the Syrian Government violates many of the civilians’ rights (almost all, with reference to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights). As far as religious/ethnic discrimination goes, there is discrimination between the Sunni and Shia sects of Islam. Bashar is a member of the Alawite sect of Islam, which is a minority. The Alawites in Syria occupy about 12 % of the 23 million Syrians in the country, while the Sunni (another sect of Islam) occupies about 75% of the Syrian population. The Sunnis are discriminated against in the armies while the Alawites hold a “predominant position in the military” (The Immigrant and Refugee Board of Canada. Syria: Treatment of Sunni Muslims in the Military. Monday, 29th October 2012). There have also been “accounts of attacks on Sunni villagers by Alawite militias” (Mackey, Robert. Syria’s Ruling Alawite Sect. The Lede. June 14th 2011)
As a result, the Sunnis of Syria felt repressed and uncomfortable in their own country. Moreover, the major spark that started the chain of protests in Syria was “in the southern city of Deraa in March when locals gathered to demand the release of 14 school children who were arrested and reportedly tortured after writing on a wall the well-known slogan of the popular uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt: "The people want the downfall of the regime." (Guide: Syria Crisis. BBC. 9th April 2012)
An additional reason the civilians have only started to speak up now versus years prior, is because they have seen the effects of Arab Spring. Arab...