Osteoporosis is a condition which affects the bones, therefore causing them to become thin, weak and will easy to break. Osteoporosis frequently goes undiagnosed until when a fracture strikes but unfortunately there are no warning signs. These fractures that occur are most common in the spine, wrist and hips but it can also affect other bones in the body such as the arm or even pelvis. In the UK alone, approximately 3 million people are thought to have osteoporosis therefore over 230,000 fractures happen every year as a result of osteoporosis.
As we all know, bones are at their thickest and strongest in their early adult life and that they are constantly being renewed and repaired through a process which is called “bone turnover”. However, as you age, this process is no longer balanced and bones loss increases. Therefore it means that the bones are slowly breaking down over time and it leads to a decrease in bone density as you get older. This can then cause the bone to become weaker and will increase the risk of breaking a bone.
This disease osteoporosis can affect both men and women, but it is more common to affect older people rather than younger people but it is known to affect the young generation.
With women, they are known to be at greater risk of developing osteoporosis than men are. This is because of changes in hormone levels which can affect bone density. The female hormone which is called oestrogen is essential for healthy bones. Once a women’s body goes through menopause, the level of oestrogen that they have in their body falls and this will then lead to a rapid decrease in bone density.
As women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis, here are a few examples of when they might be at risk:
* their periods are absent for a long time (more than six months) as a result of over-exercising or over-dieting
* they have an early menopause (before the age of 45)
* when they have a hysterectomy before...